Its geological interest is fundamental. All the stages of the cave’s formation, which lasted many millions of years, are still visible : its carving out by water, roof falls, successively filled then drained with water, sand and clay, the formation of stalactites, stalagmites, columns, drapery, discs, helictites, rimstone dams, stalagmite ceilings, fractures and erosion of these different types of concretions left their mark in this or that part of the cavern. It is an authentic history of the Earth.
One of the major features of this cave is the association of its natural beauty with prehistoric paintings, some of which go back almost 30,000 years : line drawings of bison and mammoth, a bear’s head carved into the stone, silhouettes of horses, not forgetting the famous « hand negatives » painted using stencils. More than 70 animals interact with the relief of the rock, colours and light. The mammoth is the most frequently represented creature with 28 figures. The only image of a bear is a strikingly realistic engraving made with a flint. The painting of the Spotted Horses is a unique composition, an exceptionally well-preserved masterpiece dating back 29,000 years. Around 800 different figures in total have been counted in the cave. These drawings, associated with the handprints and footprints left by prehistoric man create a feeling of closeness with our distant ancestors.
Discover the Lot with Gîtes de France Lot : Cahors, Rocamadour, Gouffre de Padirac.